Black American Chefs Demand Credit For The Legacy Of America’s Cuisine

by Duke Magazine

Black Americans have been instrumental in shaping the country’s cuisine without due credit to their innovations. Following conversations surrounding racial injustice with a prompt perusal of the US cultural record, Black chefs in the country are lending their voice to earn the deserving recognition in the industry. 

America’s culinary landscape has been shaped with the institution of slavery, with its fragments still seem today. 

Take America’s staple comfort food, mac, and cheese, which was popularized by enslaved chefs.

Other commonly found ingredients, like peanuts, okra and watermelon, were brought over from Africa, says historian Kelley Deetz.

Her 2017 book “Bound to the Fire: How Virginia’s Enslaved Cooks Helped Invent American Cuisine” digests some of America’s most enduring culinary traditions.

“It was the enslaved cooks who cooked in the plantations of the most important people in America,” Deetz said — singling out founding fathers Thomas Jefferson and George Washington.

Deetz revealed how African dishes have been able to find their way to Europe and even cookbooks by the 19th century.

However, the ingredients and know-how of these dishes from Africa were introduced to become an American palette to complex and labor-intensive dishes like oyster stew, gumbo, and jambalaya. Sadly, the slaves who toiled with their sweat and blood in chefs’ aprons were routinely omitted from cookbooks in favor of the white heads of the households where they worked, the historian added.

“It’s time to give credit where credit’s due,” she said.

“Black chefs helped mold what American food is,” said Jerome Grant, a Washington-based award-winning chef working at American bistro Jackie.

“We literally built this place, so we deserve our spotlight.”

– ‘Never good enough’ –

It is rare to find a Black chef welcomed into the upper echelon of America’s celebrity chefs, among such internationally renowned culinary juggernauts as the late Anthony Bourdain or fellow television personality Emeril Lagasse.

Meanwhile, Grant says he is not shocked by the double standard but wishes his fellow culinary artists of color were not continually overlooked and judged incapable of advancing in the industry.

“You were never good enough to lead a kitchen. You were never good enough to run a restaurant,” he said.

Born to a Black father and Philippine mother, Grant recounts his racism experience in the kitchen. In one instance, he was told his skills were “pretty good for a Black chef.”

Grant reveals how Black chefs feel stereotyped, constrained by an expectation that they will only be able to work within the parameters of one particular cooking tradition.

At work, he demands complete creative freedom but tries to honor the history of Black cuisine through his creations by telling a story “of the hands that built America.”

Grant feels Black chefs are at last beginning to receive their due recognition, although the equality gap hasn’t been well bridged. 

Inspired with the mission of spreading awareness of Black excellence in cooking, Erinn Tucker and Furard Tate founded “DMV Black Restaurant Week,” which promotes Black-owned restaurants in the Washington area.

Tate, a former restaurateur, wants to demonstrate to Black youngsters that “it is possible to own a restaurant – it is possible to be a chef.”

Tucker says the industry is still plagued by some of the more egregious cliches that have always mischaracterized Black cuisine: that it is too fatty or limited to convenience food drenched in oil.

Fried chicken, it turns out, was cooked exclusively for special occasions until it was assimilated into the wider American culture by fast food companies, Tucker said.

Misconceptions about traditionally African American cuisine risk discouraging Black chefs from serving soul food style dishes, which Tucker says are sometimes stigmatized as low quality.

Yet growing awareness of America’s Black culinary heritage has emboldened gastronomers to celebrate its legacy.

“What has happened in the last, maybe 10 or 15 years, is that there is a revolution or a renaissance,” Tucker said.

A new Netflix docuseries, “High on the Hog: How African American Cuisine Transformed America” declares Black food to be synonymous with American food.

The series is based on a book of the same name by culinary historian Jessica Harris, who specializes in African diaspora cuisine.

Four episodes trace the lineage of African-origin cooking from west Africa to Texas, weaving barbecues and cowboys into the Black cultural fabric.

“It touched a nerve,” Harris said of the film, which enjoyed critical success.

Harris says it is vital that films, books and documentaries take up these subjects, as “Black history is lesser known and not widely shared.”

The author hopes this cultural moment is a portent of long-lasting change and recognition.

“Even us, Black people, we are learning about ourselves,” she said.

“The history is still practically unwritten. So we must research, review and question everything.”

Related Posts

Leave a Comment

WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Our support team is here to answer your questions. Ask us anything!
? Hi, how can I help?